This painting depicts the curious legend of the baker of Eeklo, which was popular in the Netherlands during the 16thcentury. The story goes thatthose who wanted to change their appearance could go to the town of Eeklo, where they could have a new head baked for them. The head would be carefully cut from the trunk, kneaded, glazed and placed into the oven. Once the new head was baked, it was sewn back in place. However, the new head could fail to bake, resulting in deformed heads. This story served as a cautionary tale to those who were dissatisfied with their looks.